Understand the Concepts
Make sure you understand the concepts first before you memorize them. To determine if you understand the information, try teaching it to someone else. If you can teach the information to others, you have grasped the knowledge and can now begin to memorize.
Make Your Main Points Stick Out
If something is bizarre, you are more likely to remember it. When information jumps out at you on a page, you are going to remember it. Strange, unusual, and extraordinary information is easier to retain, so make your most important points stick out.
Use Colors and Pictures
We can recall visuals easier than written text, so information through pictures aren't going to be forgotten as quickly. Use visual aids (with colors to enhance the drawing and make it unique) to help you retain knowledge.
What are Mnemonic Devices?
Mnemonics make use of elaborative encoding, retrieval cues, and imagery as specific tools to encode any given information in a way that allows for efficient storage and retrieval.
An acronym is simply an abbreviation that is put together by the first letters of other words and then pronounced as its own word. An acrostic is a memorization tool that takes the initial letter of every item you want to remember to create a memorable sentence.
Examples of Acronyms
Roy G. Biv = colors of the rainbow (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet)
HOMES - the five Great Lakes (Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior)
Examples of Acrostics
"God equals light, not darkness" = the first five books of the Old Testament (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy)
Rhymes are easily recalled because they’re stored in your brain through acoustic encoding, which means you’ve learned the information through your auditory senses. This explains why song lyrics are so much easier to memorize than a paragraph out of a book or some other form of prose.
Chunking and Organizing
Chunking is a technique that breaks information down into small pieces that are easier to remember. Organizing is similar to chunking because it involves grouping things together. You can use objective organization by grouping items together in a logical way, or you can use subjective organization by grouping seemingly unrelated things together.
Using models such as diagrams, flowcharts, and graphs is also a form of a mnemonic. These are visual representations that help you learn and remember a concept.
Flashcards are a tried-and-true study tool. No matter what you are studying, flashcards can help you memorize information, reinforce understanding, and retain details. However, not all flashcards are created equal. Below are some tips on how to create a set of flashcards, and how best to study with them.
Create Your Flashcards
Studying with Flashcards
Study the flashcards on a regular basis, preferably once a day for 1 to 2 weeks, before a test or exam. Explore different techniques, such as reviewing out loud versus silently and working alone versus with a study group.
When studying with flashcards, make a small checkmark in the corner of the cards you answer correctly. When you have made two or three marks on a card, you know you can put it in a separate pile. Keep going through your main pile until all cards have two or three marks. Then, shuffle them and put them away for your next review session (or keep practicing!).
Fleming, Grace. (2020, August 26). How to Study With Flashcards.
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